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Clojure: Еще об объявлении символов

Помимо формы def есть еще одна форма — defonce. Основное ее преимущество в том, что если идентификатор уже определен, то он не переопределится и будет использоваться его прошлое значение.

(def some-value "hello")

(defonce some-value "world")

(println some-value) ; => "hello"

Зачем это может быть нужно? Например, при прямом импорте каких-либо библиотек или модулей, в которых может быть заранее объявлен идентификатор. Однако если мы переопределим идентификатор с помощью def, тогда идентификатор будет иметь другое значение.

(def some-value "hello")

(def some-value "world")

(println some-value) ; => "world"


Создайте объявление, обозначающее "количество пар" (имя соорудите сами), присвойте ему значение 5, затем с помощью формы defonce переопределите количество пар на любое другое значение и распечатайте на экран.

The exercise doesn't pass checking. What to do? 😶

If you've reached a deadlock it's time to ask your question in the «Discussions». How ask a question correctly:

  • Be sure to attach the test output, without it it's almost impossible to figure out what went wrong, even if you show your code. It's complicated for developers to execute code in their heads, but having a mistake before their eyes most probably will be helpful.
In my environment the code works, but not here 🤨

Tests are designed so that they test the solution in different ways and against different data. Often the solution works with one kind of input data but doesn't work with others. Check the «Tests» tab to figure this out, you can find hints at the error output.

My code is different from the teacher's one 🤔

It's fine. 🙆 One task in programming can be solved in many different ways. If your code passed all tests, it complies with the task conditions.

In some rare cases, the solution may be adjusted to the tests, but this can be seen immediately.

I've read the lessons but nothing is clear 🙄

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