HTML: Combining cells inside rows and columns
Tables often need to merge rows or columns. It helps to combine different information. For example, if there is no product in the stock table, there is no point in constantly duplicating information - it can be merged, and you can write that the product is out of stock:
|Tea||Out of stock|
With HTML, you can combine cells in columns or rows by using the special attributes
rowspan. Their values are the number of cells to be merged with the current one, either to the right (for
colspan) or down (for
rowspan) Counting for the number of cells starts from the current cell that the property has been applied to. For example, if the value is
colspan="2", the current cell will be merged with the neighboring one.
The layout for the example above, without combining cells, is as follows:
<table> <thead> <tr> <th>Item</th> <th>Price</th> <th>Amount</th> </tr> </thead> <tbody> <tr> <td>Tea</td> <td>Out of stock</td> <!-- the cell we want to combine --> <td></td> </tr> </tbody> </table>
In order to merge cells, you need to do two things:
1. Once you've chosen a cell to be merged and added the tags, add the
colspan attribute with a value equal to the number of cells to be merged to the right
2. Remove unnecessary cells from the row
<table> <thead> <tr> <th>Item</th> <th>Price</th> <th>Amount</th> </tr> </thead> <tbody> <tr> <td>Tea</td> <td colspan="2">Out of stock</td> </tr> </tbody> </table>
rowspan attribute is used to combine cells vertically. The algorithm is the same as the with horizontal merging. The only difference is that you have to delete cells in neighboring rows:
<table> <thead> <tr> <th>Employee</th> <th>Salary</th> <th>Bonus</th> <th>Manager</th> </tr> </thead> <tbody> <tr> <td>Alex Primadonin</td> <td>750$</td> <td>63$</td> <td rowspan="2">Cody Hexly</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Eddie Vainy</td> <td>1200$</td> <td>0</td> </tr> </tbody> </table>
In this example, there are two employees interacting with one manager. You can specify it twice, but it's clearer if you merge the cells vertically. To do this, the attribute
rowspan="2" was added, and in the second row the fourth cell was removed, because its place will be taken by the cell above.
|Alex Primadonin||750$||63$||Cody Hexly|
Create a table with two rows and three columns. In the second row, combine the first two cells using the attributes you learned about. The first row should be the header of the table
The exercise doesn't pass checking. What to do? 😶
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In my environment the code works, but not here 🤨
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My code is different from the teacher's one 🤔
It's fine. 🙆 One task in programming can be solved in many different ways. If your code passed all tests, it complies with the task conditions.
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I've read the lessons but nothing is clear 🙄
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The number of cells in each row of the table must be the same after merging. It's important to distinguish between the number of
<td>tags and the total number of cells. For example, using the
colspan="2"attribute on a cell you will get two cells but visually combined in one. For this reason, it's necessary to remove one physical cell from the markup to compensate
colspanattribute is used, then the cells in the same line will be removed from the HTML code. If the
rowspanattribute is used, the cells in the rows below are deleted